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Elm Tree Dreams Die Quietly

1930 — The parasitic fungus Ophiostoma appears in Cleveland, Ohio and begins attacking American elm trees. 1950s to 1980s — 40 million elm trees die across the United States. 1970s — Start of government-university-community cooperative efforts to identify and propagate resistant elm trees. 1999 —

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Government Shutdown: Did Private Charity Make Up the Difference?

One libertarian response to the cry “heartless!” is to reassure a sentimental critic that they need not worry. Government spending, they say, has “crowded out” private charity. Once government spending on behalf of the poor and suffering is cut back, private charitable contributions will surge

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Senate Hides Behind Secret Votes in Defunding Research

To no small degree, the United States of America rose in prominence because of innovation, and to no small degree that innovation has been funded through research funded directly by the federal government and indirectly through its support of higher education. In economist Edwin Mansfield’s

Psst... what kind of person doesn't support pacifism?